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In the NT this work is described by an abundance of metaphors, some drawn from religious life (sacrifice and sanctification, Heb 9-10), some from legal life (justification, Rom 5), some from personal life (reconciliation and forgiveness, 2 Cor 5), and ransom and redemption from Satan (Mk 10:45). In his book Christus Victor, Gustaf Aulén identified three leading theories of atonement: 1) victory over Satan, which he regarded as the most adequate, the "classical" view; 2) sacrifice and satisfaction, the "Anselmian" view; 3) the "moral influence" theory, derived from Peter Abelard and used in much modern Protestant thought. The Episcopal theologian William Porcher DuBose emphasized an understanding of atonement as the fulfillment and intended end of humanity in union (at-one-ment) with God. 

Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.
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