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Fundamentalism 

A movement of Christian thought which arose during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in response to a growing liberal and modernist accommodation to evolution and other scientific advances which some perceived as a threat to Christian faith. Fundamentalism aimed to protect the essentials (or fundamentals) of faith from rationalism which seemed to make the Bible a record of developing ideas of God, and from psychology which seemed to reduce God to feelings of awe, and from a "social gospel" which seemed to make Christianity into a program for the reform of society. 




Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.
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