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After publication of the 1549 BCP, John Merbecke (or Marbeck) (c. 1510-c. 1585) set the English liturgy to plainsong in his The booke of Common praier noted (1550). He sought to create a distinctly English chant and used the new English liturgical texts as the starting point for his work. He simplified the older chant to fit the vernacular English text and also composed his own settings. However, Merbecke's book was made obsolete by the 1552 BCP, and a revised edition of his work was not published. Plainsong came to disappear from the English Church until the Oxford Movement. However, plainsong did provide the basis for Anglican Chant, which dates from the seventeenth century. Anglican chant uses a harmonized melody without intonation for singing unmetrical texts such as psalms and canticles. 

Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.
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