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Righteousness is understood in terms of right relationship with God and others and not primarily in ethical or legal terms. But our right relationship with God and others is expressed through a moral and generous life. The righteous will feed the hungry, give drink to the thirsty, welcome the stranger, clothe the naked, care for the sick, and visit those in prison (see Mt 25:31-46). Protestant theology has tended to emphasize that God pronounces us righteous even while we remain sinners. According to this view, our righteousness is understood to be alien and extrinsic. Our justification takes place through God's righteousness, not our own merit. Catholic, Orthodox, and some Anglican theologians have urged that we may participate in a process of being made holy in Christ through the Holy Spirit. This view emphasizes the actual transformation of the one who accepts the grace of God in faith. See Original Sin; see Justification; see Simul justus et peccator. 

Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.
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