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Christian theology is the heir of both uncompromising biblical monotheism and the Platonic, Aristotelian, and Stoic emphases on the unity and simplicity of God. However, the NT ascribed a place of equality with God to the Word of God who became incarnate in Jesus of Nazareth (e.g., Jn 1:1-18, Col 1:15-20). The Spirit of God was also included in the divine life (1 Cor 2:10-13). The church took several centuries to work out a reasonably acceptable way to express the complex relation of Father, Son, and Spirit. The nearly complete doctrine of the Trinity announced at Constantinople in 381 held that God is one Being (ousia) in three equal and consubstantial persons or hypostases: the Father uncreated, the Son uncreated but begotten, the Spirit proceeding from the Father (and, in the western version of the Creed, the Son). The Athanasian Creed states that "we worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity, neither confounding the Persons, nor dividing the Substance" (BCP, p. 864). Article I of the Articles of Religion affirms that in the unity of God "there be three Persons, of one substance, power, and eternity; the "Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost" (BCP, p. 867). See Filioque; see Homoousios; see Perichoresis; see Trinity Sunday. 

Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.
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