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Basilica 

1) Church building designed according to the architectural style of a Roman basilica, which served as a law court and commercial exchange.  Roman basilicas were used for Christian worship after Constantine gave the church freedom to exist.  This architectural style included an outer courtyard or atrium, a narrow porch or narthex, and a semi-circular apse at one end.  The building was rectangular, with two rows of columns parallel with the longer side.  The basilica had a broad nave, with two or more aisles.  The entrace was through the narthex by three or more doorways into the basilica.  2) One of the seven principal Roman Catholic churches in Rome, or any Roman Catholic parish that has been given the privileged title of basilica by the Pope. 




Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.
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