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Update: Episcopal bishops offer Tanzania communiqué reflections, predictions for future

By Mary Frances Schjonberg
2/27/2007
[Episcopal News Service]  Editor's note: this is an updated version of a story posted to the ENS website February 22. New additions include statements from the dioceses of Albany, Central Pennsylvania, Missouri, Newark, North Carolina, Northern Indiana, Pittsburgh, Ohio, San Joaquin, Southern Ohio, Spokane, Tennessee and West Texas.


Bishops around the Episcopal Church continue to talk with their dioceses about the communiqué issued February 19 from the Primates' Meeting near Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

The Primates of the Anglican Communion have called for the formation of a "Pastoral Council" that would work with the Episcopal Church to negotiate the necessary structures for those who feel unable to accept the direct ministry of their bishop or of the Presiding Bishop.

The Primates also asked that the House of Bishops "make an unequivocal common covenant" by September 30 that they will not authorize same-gender blessings within their dioceses and confirm that Resolution B033, passed at the 75th General Convention, means that a candidate for bishop who is living in a same-gender relationship "shall not receive the necessary consent unless some new consensus on these matters emerges across the Communion."

"If the reassurances ... cannot in good conscience be given, the relationship between the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion as a whole remains damaged at the best, and this has consequences for the full participation of the Church in the life of the Communion," the communiqué says.

Below are summaries of some of the statements issued by bishops (in alphabetical order by diocese or current ministry).

Diocese of Albany

Bishop William Love said in a statement that Albany "as demonstrated by the results of the Primates' meeting, stands in the mainstream of Anglican life and teaching."

"By the grace of God, we will continue to do so," he said. "Keeping our focus on Jesus Christ, it is imperative that we reach out to one another in Christian love and charity, treating all people with dignity and respect."

His statement can be found here.

Diocese of Arizona

In an Ash Wednesday letter to his diocese, Arizona Bishop Kirk Smith wrote that "there will no doubt be considerable controversy over the next several months about these provisions."

"I suspect the Bishops who have already voted for General Convention resolution B033 (as I did) will find these terms acceptable; a minority will not. Most will follow the lead of our Presiding Bishop in living with them, while we move to further discussions at the Lambeth Conference in 2008."

Smith wrote that he knows that "many who have worked so hard for the full inclusion of gay and lesbian people in the church will see this as another step backward."

"It is, and my heart breaks because of it," Smith wrote. "However, I believe that we are at a moment in our history when we must remain together, doing our best to place the needs of the other before our own. As I have often said to you before, I am committed to a fully inclusive church, but I am also committed to remaining part of the larger Anglican Communion, even when I find it hard to agree with my brothers and sisters in other parts of the world."

The complete text of Smith's letter is available here.

Diocese of Atlanta

Also on February 20, Bishop Neil Alexander of Atlanta wrote to his diocese saying that "the communiqué is broad in its scope, and digesting the totality of it will require some effort on the part of all of us."

"In typical Anglican fashion, the language of the document is highly nuanced. It will take some time before it is clear what the operative interpretation of the document will be," Alexander wrote. "I caution everyone not to assume that our initial reactions are going to be helpful for the long haul. Only after time passes and conversations continue will the meaning of the document for our life together begin to come more precisely into focus."

He noted that from a report of the Communion sub-group that was charged with monitoring the response of the Episcopal Church's General Convention to the Windsor Report it was clear that the Church "has engaged the Windsor Report with greater energy and seriousness than much of the rest of the Anglican Communion."

Alexander wrote that his "principal concern" with the communiqué rests in the request the Primates make of the House of Bishops because it "does not respect the unique features of the polity of the Episcopal Church," namely the inclusion of the clergy and laity in decision-making.

"For the Primates to assume that our House of Bishops can make the decisions for which they are asking without the full participation of the whole church strikes me as an invitation to violate our own canons," he wrote.

The complete text of Alexander's statement is available here.

Diocese of Bethlehem

A statement from Bishop Paul Marshall of Bethlehem can be found on a weblog maintained by Jim Naughton, director of communications for the Diocese of Washington. In it, Marshall writes that at a clergy retreat and other meetings next week he will "try to understand what is being said and what there is, if anything, that is to be done at our level."

He will go the following week to the House of Bishops meeting at Camp Allen (beginning March 16), where, he wrote, "it is my assumption that the Presiding Bishop will be as candid in her report of the experience and process of the primates' meeting as was her predecessor" in reporting on the deliberations of the last Primates' Meeting in March 2005.

Meanwhile, Marshall wrote what he called a "few interim remarks," beginning with the statement that "no member of this diocese is expendable."

"We will not even entertain the idea of a fast from observing the baptismal covenant's promises about respecting the worth of all persons," he said in a possible reference to Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori's reflections on the Primates' Meeting titled A Season of Fasting. "We will not fast from actively seeking peace and justice for all. This baptismal promise is about action, not sentiment."

Marshall cautioned against "possibly triumphalist 'dreams of communion'."

"If our witness in word and deed is being drowned in fears about what our cousins may be thinking about us, the question of idolatry will need to be explored," he wrote.

Diocese of California

California Bishop Marc Andrus posted a statement on the diocese's website on Shrove Tuesday, writing that "our task in the Church is not actually to include or exclude anyone."

He called the inclusion of gay and lesbian people in the "full life of the Church" a matter of justice.

"Actions of justice and injustice reverberate throughout the whole, promoting either integrity, remembering, and shalom, or diabolic isolation," he wrote, vowing that gay and lesbian people will continue to be welcomed and invited to offer their gifts in the Diocese of California.
 
Andrus argued that both the House of Bishops and the House of Deputies should deliberate on the Primates' requests.

"The Episcopal Church should make every effort, including an extraordinary meeting of the two houses, and redoubled efforts to help the other provinces of the Communion understand both our theology relating to marriage and human sexuality and our polity," he wrote.

The complete text of Andrus' statement is available here.

Diocese of Central Pennsylvania

Bishop Nathan Baxter of Central Pennsylvania wrote to the diocese February 23 to say that many of the responses to the communiqué have been predictable.

"However, given the decision-making process of our Church, the only official responses can come from the House of Bishops and the Executive Council of the Episcopal Church, a body which includes laity, priests and deacons," Baxter wrote. "This is an example of the difference in decision making in our Church and that of many other Provinces of the Anglican Communion, where an Archbishop or a 'House of Bishops' has uncontested Episcopal or executive authority."

He predicted that the March 16-21 meeting of the House of Bishops faces a "difficult but necessary discussion of the communiqué, because of "our long commitment to live in the tension of inclusive justice and the authority of scripture, especially as interpreted in the spirit of Christ as revealed in the Gospels."

Baxter called on the diocese to "remember that we continue to call this process "discernment," for we can not be guided solely by the threat of marginalization."

"This is an even more important time to continue listening intensely for the voice of God in both our larger beloved Anglican Communion, and in our long experience of Christ revealed in the lives of diverse but faithful Episcopal brothers and sisters who also share with us in baptism and have demonstrated among us a common love for God and the Church," he wrote.

The text of Baxter's letter is available here.

Diocese of Chicago

Bishop William Persell of Chicago issued a statement February 22 in which he said that "though some of the Primates' conclusions respect the integrity and autonomy of The Episcopal Church, other aspects of their proposal run counter to our Church's way of life and its interpretation of the Gospel."

"No allowance is given in the 'pastoral scheme' proposed by the Primates for the voices of Episcopal gay and lesbian members to be heard; yet, the Primates provide ample opportunity for participation in the scheme by congregations, clergy and lay people alienated from the Episcopal Church," Persell wrote. "This is as if South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission barred black South Africans from testimony, while freely admitting white Afrikaners."

Persell objected to what he called the "issuing what is essentially an ultimatum" by the Primates and said they "are assuming more authority than is accorded them in our Communion's current structure and polity."

He noted that Communion has four entities "where its faith and order are decided" -- the Primates, the Anglican Consultative Council (the ACC is made up of bishops, clergy and lay representatives from the 38 provinces), the Lambeth Conference of bishops, and the Archbishop of Canterbury.

Persell also wrote that in 2005 the Primates charged the ACC with initiating a listening process on the role of gay and lesbians in the church and reporting its work to the Lambeth Conference of 2008, yet "the present course outlined in the Communiqué effectively annuls this charge, and divests the other governing entities of responsibility for determining the parameters for Communion membership."

The complete text of Persell's statement is found here.

Diocese of Connecticut

Bishop Andrew Smith of Connecticut told the Hartford Courant newspaper that "if the Council of Primates is asking us to undo what we have already done, that is a step many of the bishops would be unwilling to take."

While Smith told the newspaper that he "greatly valued" his relationships with members of the Anglican Communion who disagree with his position, he made it clear that he and most bishops will find it morally impossible to accept the demands of the Dar es Salaam communiqué.

"I'm not willing to do that," Smith said. "It has always seemed to me that if we accept gay and lesbian people as full partners in our church, we have to be consistent on matters of marriage and clergy. We can't advocate two classes of church citizenship: one for heterosexuals, one for homosexuals. Church unity is important, but you can't compromise on basic principles of conscience."

Noting that the Episcopal Church has not approved a formal rite for blessing same-gender unions, Smith said that the bishops have nothing to renounce.

Episcopal Divinity School

Bishop Steven Charleston, president and dean of the Episcopal Divinity School in Cambridge, Massachusetts, wrote to the seminary community on Ash Wednesday to invite its members "to join me in making a witness in light of what we have learned from the Primates."

He described the witness he suggested this way: "We will not change our devotion to doing what we believe is right. We will not delay justice for the sake of making our lives easier. We will not deny a truth that we are certain is from God. We will not play politics with human lives."
 
"There is absolutely no reason that gay and lesbian people should be denied the right of a blessing," he wrote, describing the witness he suggests. "There is absolutely no reason that a gay or lesbian person can not be a respected member of the clergy of this church. There is absolutely no reason that we should abandon either of these positions for the sake of political accommodation."
 
Writing that "enough is enough," Charleston said that "if the Anglican Communion must separate over this fundamental issue of human rights, then so be it."

The complete text of Charleston's letter is available here.

Diocese of Fort Worth

There are "several problems" with the Primates' plan to establish a Pastoral Council that would oversee the ministry of a primatial vicar for those who are unable to accept the ministry of Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori, Bishop Jack Iker of Fort Worth wrote in a statement on the diocesan website.

Iker began the efforts of the dioceses of Pittsburgh, Central Florida, San Joaquin, South Carolina, Springfield and Quincy to ask for a relationship with a primate other than Jefferts Schori. (The Diocese of Dallas has since dropped its request for a direct primatial relationship with the Archbishop of Canterbury.)

"There are several problems with this proposal, and it raises some serious questions that warrant further discussion," Iker wrote in the statement. "There are many questions that remain unanswered, and there are some serious difficulties that have to be addressed."

The complete text of Iker's statement is available here.

Diocese of Los Angeles

Bishop Jon Bruno of Los Angeles issued a statement February 22 predicting that "during the coming weeks, we will continue to fully process and arrive at a clearer understanding of the Primates' work in Dar es Salaam."

He noted that the "contents of the Communiqué are creating a great deal of angst and speculation about the relationship between the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion."

"Be assured that your bishops and this diocese remain fully committed to our ministry of Mission, Mercy and Justice," he wrote. "We will continue to serve God's people through the spirit of inclusiveness that guides our actions."

Bruno told the diocese that he will attend the Executive Council meeting in Portland, Oregon, March 2-4 and then be at the House of Bishops meeting in Texas. "Both of these events offer opportunities for Bishop Katharine to share her thoughts and offer insights into the processes, dialogues and discernment that resulted in the Communiqué," he wrote.

"When we return we will share with you what we have learned, and together we will move forward," Bruno said. "Let us remember what the Hebrew people learned in the wilderness: our God is a God of sustaining and steadfast love, and we are not alone."

The text of Bruno's statement has not yet been posted to the diocese's website.

Diocese of Maryland

While not a direct reaction to the communiqué, Bishop Robert Ihloff of Maryland wrote February 17 to Archbishop Justice O. Akrofi of West Africa rescinding his invitation for Akrofi to visit the diocese in late March and early April.

In the letter, Ihloff tells Akrofi that he was taking his action because Akrofi, who is also the bishop of Accra with which Maryland has a companion diocese relationship, was one of seven primates who boycotted a Eucharist at the beginning of the Primates' Meeting because Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori would be present.

"I am disappointed you would use the Holy Sacrament of our Lord's Body and Blood as a political tool -- I had assumed your sacramental theology was more thoroughly Anglican," Ihloff wrote. "Mostly I am sorry after so many years to end our personal relationship on this note."

Saying that the Diocesan Council supports his decision, Ihloff wrote that "it would now be completely inappropriate for you to celebrate the Eucharist at our Cathedral on Palm Sunday."

"Surely, many parishioners would protest your visit by not receiving Communion from you. Since I do not allow such behavior in this Diocese, I cannot encourage it by your presence," he said. "Clearly it would be inappropriate for you to preach Tuesday in Holy Week to a combined group of Lutheran and Episcopal clergy, since you do not even share Communion with other Anglicans."

The bishop wrote that he had tried to be honest with Akrofi about where he stood but that he felt that Akrofi had not done the same in the last two years.

"Since becoming Archbishop, you have changed and I do not feel I know you anymore," Ihloff said.

Ihloff, who also said that the archbishop was not welcome at his retirement party, said that the companion diocese relationship would remain in force and that Maryland special Lenten offerings will go to the children of Accra. Ihloff's letter has not been posted to the diocesan website.

Diocese of Minnesota

In the Diocese of Minnesota, Bishop James Jelinek wrote that he is "deeply saddened" by the Primates' recommendations, "some of which would require the Episcopal Church to, in effect, turn back the clock on decades of hard work to provide full inclusion in the Church for all persons."

"I hope and pray that there continues to be a vital place in the Anglican Communion for divergent views on the interpretation of Scripture and the impact of modern tradition -- a place for the prophetic voice which the Episcopal Church has offered over the decades for the care and well being of all persons," he wrote. "This is a discussion of justice and morality that will engage the church in the months to come in which I will continue to be a hearty advocate for full inclusion for all."

The complete text of Jelinek's statement is available here.

Diocese of Missouri

Bishop George Wayne Smith of Missouri said in a February 23 letter that members of the diocese ought not to "over analyze this Communiqué."

"In the Communiqué, there is English understatement and Anglican nuance enough to go around," Smith wrote. "Obfuscated and contradictory readings of the document are only too possible -- I know, for I have seen them on the Net. Some of these readings do not come with a generosity of heart, from both sides of the question. I for one am eager to hear directly from our Presiding Bishop, Katharine Jefferts Schori, who was present at this difficult meeting, and who herself agreed to the Communiqué."

He added, "typeface on paper or a flickering screen do not give the human touch so necessary to the sacramental life which is ours in Christ Jesus."

Smith said that "the most heart-breaking and theologically problematic matter" from the Primates' Meeting was the fact that some primates refused to take communion with others.

As to the requests to the House of Bishops, Smith wrote, "There is no substantive change required in the status quo, but rather a clarification of it."

His letter has not yet been posted on the diocese's website.

Diocese of Newark

Bishop Mark Beckwith of Newark, consecrated on January 27, wrote in a statement posted on the diocese's website February 23 that he has not "fully digested" both the Primates' Communiqué and Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori's initial reflections on the document.

"Moreover, given that I am new to my role, I am not ready to make a public statement -- yet," Beckwith wrote. "I feel that I need to first meet my new colleagues in the House of Bishops -- and get a sense of the dynamics and desires of that group."

"That said," Beckwith's statement continued, "I agree with those who say that proving full rights and privileges in the church for gay and lesbian people is a matter of justice." He said the issue goes deeper. "I believe that homosexuality is a unique gift -- among a host of other unique gifts -- be it ability, ethnicity, race, or class," he said. "I pray that the diversity of sexual orientation should not be a problem for the church, but a gift to the church. Gay and lesbian people, clergy and lay, have certainly been a gift to the Diocese of Newark. And I believe that relationships marked by fidelity, faith, and commitment need to be held up and celebrated."

Beckwith's statement can be found here.

Diocese of New York

Bishop Mark Sisk of New York has written to the diocese noting that "even a cursory reading" of documents issued by the Primates make it clear that they "are not happy with the Episcopal Church."

He noted that "the General Convention has legislative authority in our church and the House of Bishops can only speak for itself."

"I look forward to working with others to discover if there are ways in which we might give the assurance which our brothers and sisters around the world have requested," he wrote. "It is my hope that through that process, our relationship across the Communion will broaden and deepen."

Sisk added "an important caveat."

"Over the years I have been prepared to make certain accommodations to meet the concerns of those whose view of the Gospel promise differs somewhat from my own. I am fully aware that those accommodations have not been uncontroversial," Sisk said. "Now, I want to make it abundantly clear that I am not in the least prepared to make any concession that strikes at the heart of my conviction that gay and lesbian people are God's beloved children. They are we. Our witness to the Gospel would be unthinkably deformed if by some tragic misjudgment we willingly submitted ourselves to vivisection. We are one body in Christ."

The complete text of Sisk's statement can be found here.

Diocese of Northern California

Bishop Barry Beisner of Northern California devoted the Ash Wednesday edition of Aurora, his electronic newsletter, to the issues surrounding response to the communiqué.

"Having endured the blitz of speculation and punditry that has come in the last 48 hours, it is once again very clear to me that real understanding will take time, and patience," Beisner wrote. "Once again, we must seek to find that balance of engagement and detachment that will make it possible for us to pay attention to the guidance of the Holy Spirit."

Writing on the first day of Lent, Beisner said, "Perhaps the first challenge of this Season is for all of us to step back from anxious reactivity, take a deep breath, and allow God to shift our focus enough for us to notice God's lively presence among us, and to continue the basic work of being Christ's people in the context of our several communities."

The complete text of his statement is available here.

Diocese of North Carolina

Bishop Michael Curry of North Carolina wrote to his diocese "not seeking to address the issues and substance of the communiqué of the Primates, or the implications of it" but to "suggest a frame work for faithfully, carefully and pastorally walking through this moment of history in our world and church."

"In moments of deep conviction and difference I find it helpful to step back, slow down, breathe deeply, and ponder slowly. It is important to hear what is and isn't being said," he wrote. "Further, the communiqué is a highly nuanced document, and it will take some time and reflection by us all to understand a reasonably shared interpretation of what it is actually saying."

He counseled the diocese to "prayerfully and carefully allow the councils of the Episcopal Church, the House of Bishops and the Executive Council to think through, deliberate, pray over and seek to discern that which is a faithful response for us to the actual, not the perceived, request of the Windsor Report and the Primates Communiqué," adding that "through our various councils working together" the Church can "seek to hear the voice of Jesus and follow our best understanding of his way and will."

Curry wrote that the Episcopal Church is struggling to "to be faithful to its gospel calling to be a church that is truly catholic;" that is, both "part of the body of Christ, universal, embracing, through baptism into Christ, many peoples and nations" and "a community that welcomes, embraces and includes all the baptized holding the faith of Jesus."

"That Gospel vision is not one quickly attained or easily realized," he wrote. "The arduous task of faith in a time such as this is to labor on diligently in the daily work of the Gospel that is ours, to engage prayerfully the issues before us in our church, and at the same time to wait patiently."

Curry's statement is available here.

Diocese of Northern Indiana

Bishop Edward Little of Northern Indiana, writing on February 25, told his diocese that the communiqué is "a wide-ranging document, carefully nuanced."

Little noted that the Primates called Lambeth 1998 Resolution 1.10 the "standard of teaching" in the Anglican Communion and that it asks "all our people to minister pastorally and sensitively to all irrespective of sexual orientation and to condemn irrational fear of homosexuals."

"It is important for us to remember this broader context as we look at the specific requests in the Primates' communiqué," Little wrote. "In this diocese, all are welcome and all are valued, and among them are our gay and lesbian members; and the Primates join in that affirmation."

Little wrote that he believes that "the House of Bishops has the authority to respond" to the Primates' requests.

"It is within the ministry of episcopal oversight that liturgies are authorized and candidates for the office of bishop receive consent for ordination; and thus the bishops, acting as a House, can respond positively to what the Primates have asked of us," he wrote. "I pray that the House of Bishops does so unequivocally and wholeheartedly, and I will do all that I can to urge this course of action."

Little applauded Jefferts Schori's efforts at the Primates' Meeting and since.

"I am encouraged by the Presiding Bishop's courage and generosity of spirit, and I understand her letter to mean that, for the sake of the unity of the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion, we all have to stretch ourselves in extraordinary ways," he wrote.

Little's statement is available here.

Diocese of Ohio

Bishop Mark Hollingsworth of Ohio, writing on Ash Wednesday, noted that while people might want the results of the Primates' work together to "constitute an harmonious chorus of agreement both with one another and with whatever each of us most longs to hear, these documents more realistically come to us as complex expressions of the very diversity the Primates represent."

"Like our own 2006 General Convention's responses to the Windsor Process, because theirs strive to include the perspectives of all, they deliver a complicated and sometimes mixed series of messages, whose meaning will take time to understand, as will each of our responses to them from across the Communion," he wrote.

Hollingsworth wrote that his is "troubled by some of the implications of what is being requested, as they may compromise the integrity of our or any other province of the Church and its witness to the culture and society it serves."

It will take time to understand what is being asked of the Episcopal Church, he wrote, and "the polity of the Episcopal Church was designed to allow for such time in discernment; indeed it requires it."

Hollingsworth wrote that "timelines that might be appropriate in other provinces of the Communion may not be possible in ours."

"So it will be important that none of us rushes to early conclusions or succumbs to easy reactivity," he wrote. "The Spirit of holiness needs time and needs us to be accessible to her and to one another if she is to lead us to the next faithful place on the journey."

He offered assurances to "any of you who may be feeling let down or abandoned by particular responses of the Primates in these documents, that, whatever your perspective and convictions, your place is secure in this diocese."

Hollingsworth's statement is available here.

Diocese of Pittsburgh

Bishop Robert Duncan of Pittsburgh, moderator of the conservative Network of Anglican Communion Dioceses and Parishes, wrote a letter outlining the report he made to the Primates during a session that included statements by Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori, Western Louisiana Bishop Bruce MacPherson and Bishop Christopher Epting, the Episcopal Church's ecumenical and interfaith officer.

"Clearly we were heard," Duncan wrote, citing the resulting communiqué as evidence.

"We can work with this. We will work with this. It is not perfect and there are a number of potential obstacles. We will enter in good faith," he wrote. "The Primates spent so much of their meeting on our concerns that we can do no less in response to their best assessment of a path forward. What we have is an interim proposal for an interim period with interim structures, while the Episcopal Church majority has one last opportunity to turn back from its 'walking apart.'"

Duncan's letter is available here. Duncan made a presentation to a special diocesan meeting February 24. The audio portion of that presentation is available here and the video is available here.

Diocese of San Joaquin

In a letter to be read or distributed in the Diocese of San Joaquin's congregations either February 25 or March 4, Bishop John-David Schofield wrote that the diocese stands "ready to participate in this way forward leading to the development of an Anglican Covenant."

He asked the diocese, one of seven to ask for a relationship with a primate other than Katharine Jefferts Schori, to pray for "the swift adoption and good faith implementation of these Primatial plans."

"Further, I pray that at its March meeting the House of Bishops will make a clear and unequivocal response to the Primates' request to clarify the Episcopal Church's response to the Windsor Report," he wrote.

"Deliberations have already begun on a broad-based scale with the leadership of our Diocese. And, it is my hope that those who find themselves with a theological position different from mine will feel comfortable in writing, telephoning, or meeting face-to-face to present their perspectives and understanding," Schofield wrote. "With the guidance of the Holy Spirit these perspectives could well influence any action we might take as a Diocese in the future."

Schofield's letter is available here.

Diocese of Southern Ohio

The Rev. Thomas Breidenthal, Southern Ohio's bishop-elect, wrote that he is "heartened that the communiqué recognizes that the Episcopal Church has taken the Windsor Report seriously."

After summarizing the communiqué, he wrote that "needless to say, this communiqué does not heal the uncertainty and the pain that continues in our church, on all sides."

Breidenthal is scheduled to be consecrated on April 28, roughly a month after the conclusion of the House of Bishops meeting March 16-21.

"Assuming that I have received a majority of consents to my consecration by the standing committees and bishops of the Episcopal Church, I will be attending that meeting as a guest," he wrote. "Since I will not be a bishop yet, my role will be to listen carefully."

Breidenthal's complete statement is available here.

Diocese of Spokane

Bishop James Waggoner Jr. of Spokane wrote to his diocese February 22 to say that the Episcopal Church now has before it "an invitation and extraordinary opportunity to read, learn and listen."

Waggoner wrote that "in the midst of listening prayerfully with you for the Word within the words of the communiqué, I will continue to hold and promote, without exception, the standard of full inclusion of all people in the life and ministries of this Diocese and in the Church at all levels."

"The Gospel standard of inclusion as taught and practiced by Jesus calls us to respect the dignity of every human being, as expressed in our Baptismal Covenant, and supersedes both personal preference and institutional prejudices," he wrote. "I ask your continuing prayers for our gay and lesbian brothers and sisters who continue to be the focus of dialogue that is too often discounting, hurtful and even inappropriate."

"While I do take seriously requests of the Primates, I question seriously deadlines set for compliance by our House of Bishops," he wrote. "Such requests are extraordinary in the Anglican Communion and threaten to compromise the honored principle of our unity being grounded in Christ, not in uniformity, and our Communion being sustained by 'bonds of mutual affection' as stated in the Windsor Report. The concept of a global governing body setting standards for an independent Province is foreign to Anglicanism."

Waggoner's reflections are available here.

Diocese of Tennessee

Bishop John C. Bauerschmidt of Tennessee, consecrated January 27, has written to the middle Tennessee diocese to say he appreciates "the very gracious way in which the Presiding Bishop has worked with the Archbishop of Canterbury and with the Primates to shape these proposals for pastoral care."

"I believe the Primates have offered us a way forward in a period of great difficulty for the Church in its common life," he wrote. "I rejoice that the Primates of our Communion, in spite of real differences, were able to reach a common mind and to offer a common interim proposal to us."

Noting that the diocese has said that it believes the Windsor Report is the best way forward, Bauerschmidt wrote that he supports the "Camp Allen principles" the Primates noted in their communiqué.

"I hope that we can provide the assurances that are now being asked of the House of Bishops," he wrote. "I recognize that these assurances will come at some cost for gay and lesbian members of the Church."

Bauerschmidt's statement is available here.

Diocese of Texas

Bishop Don Wimberly of Texas, who invited a group of self-identified "Windsor Bishops" to two meetings at Camp Allen in his diocese last fall, wrote that he does not believe that the events of the Primates' Meeting "heighten the divisions our denomination faces but rather communicate well the reality of where we are as a global denomination and begin to reveal the path forward."

"The next step will be the discernment of the House of Bishops regarding a response to the communiqué's explicit request," he wrote.

Wimberly said "it would be all too easy to become distracted by these events," and forget that "God in Christ Jesus has called us to a greater mission, to work together for healing divisions where we find them, to work towards reconciliation within our own congregations and throughout the greater church so that we may reach out as one body and minister to the world around us."

He said that he is committed to the God-given gift of the Anglican Communion "and I intend to continue to take my place in leadership within the Church nationally and globally, and at the same time to continue to focus our local efforts on the mission field in Texas."

The complete text of Wimberly's statement is available here.

Diocese of Washington

On February 22, Washington Bishop John Chane wrote that "like many of you, I feel that I do not yet have sufficient information about what is expected from the Episcopal Church to make a conclusive judgment about all of the recommendations that the Primates have put before us."

"It is not yet clear to me which of our Church's governing bodies is best equipped to make a full response to the Communion. Nor do I fully understand what the plan that designates a 'primatial vicar' for those who do not accept certain actions of our Church would look like in practice," Chane wrote. "That is to say nothing of whether this intrusion in our governance can be justified."

"Regarding the recommendations to the Episcopal Church, I am willing to be persuaded that a temporary compromise on issues of governance may be necessary to keep the Anglican Communion intact," he wrote. "However, under no circumstances will I support a moratorium on the consecration of individuals living in same-sex relationships to the episcopacy, and under no circumstances will I enforce a ban on the blessing of same-sex unions in the Diocese of Washington, if that, in fact, is what the Primates are asking us to do."

Chane said that he was "deeply distressed that the Primates spent so much time discussing the internal life of the Episcopal Church and devoted so little attention to the woeful state of our global community."

The complete text of Chane's statement is available here.

Diocese of West Texas

During his February 23 address to the diocesan annual council meeting, Bishop Gary Lillibridge of West Texas said that "we are being tested to the very foundations of what it means to be a Communion of churches."

"Throughout the [communiqué], it is clear that the Primates do not want the Episcopal Church to fracture," Lillibridge said.

"It is my opinion that this meeting went about as far as anyone could expect in being gracious to one another and expressing hope in a future together," he said. "Time will tell where this will lead."

Reiterating his stance as a "Windsor-compliant bishop," Lillibridge said that "we are not going to pick and choose the parts of the Windsor Report that we like and disregard those that we don't like."

Among other things, he urged significant participation in the Listening Process. "Not all of the conversations around the Church are filled with Christian charity and basic human decency," he said. "But most conversations in West Texas contain those things, and I am grateful to you."

"We cannot simply talk "about" gays and lesbians. We must talk "with" them. These are fellow Episcopalians and Anglicans, not Philistines," he said. "They make pledges to their congregations, they serve on Altar Guilds, they are ushers and lay readers; they serve on vestries and bishop's committees; maybe even as diocesan council delegates. They, like all of us, have an experience of the Holy Spirit in their lives and we need to hear about it. They did not wake up one day and say, 'Hey, let's destroy this Church that we love.'

"At the same time, we simply cannot talk "about" conservatives. We must also talk "with" them. It is most inaccurate to view persons who hold a traditional position in matters of human sexuality as Neanderthals who hate gays and lesbians. They also have experiences and a faith to share and they need to be heard."

Lillibridge's entire council address is available here. The portion devoted to the communiqué begins at paragraph 35.

Diocese of Western Louisiana

Bishop D. Bruce MacPherson of Western Louisiana, one of four Episcopal Church bishops who addressed the primates in Tanzania and who has identified himself as a "Windsor Bishop," told the New York Times February 21 that the communiqué's recommendations are "the beginning of a process, a mechanism that will enable us to work toward healing and reconciliation."

MacPherson told the newspaper that the House of Bishops alone would have the authority to decide whether to accept the communiqué's recommendations.

Diocese of Western North Carolina

Bishop G. Porter Taylor of Western North Carolina wrote on Ash Wednesday to his diocese, saying that the statements coming out of the Primates' Meeting are "daunting and challenging for the Episcopal Church in many ways," adding that the September 30 deadline for a response from the House of Bishops "is a very short time and is not in line with our polity of all the orders of the church gathering to make decisions (i.e. General Convention)."

"At this point, I have no idea how this will work out," he wrote.

Meanwhile, he urged members of the diocese to concentrate on the season of Lent.

"The task at hand is the work of Lent -- which is to turn away from what is false to what is true; to turn from what is trivial to what is foundational; and to turn from what keeps us in amnesia to what enables us to remember who we are in Christ and where we are called to go," Taylor wrote.

Taylor's statement is available here.